Among the new and important threats to food security is climate change leading to adverse changes in temperature, precipitation and sea level. Therefore the conference on Climate Change and Agricultural Production is a timely one which should provide a blue print for ensuring food security in future as well as the achievement of the UN sustainable development goals. I commend the Conference for your participation.
M S Swaminathan
Vice Chancellor, BAU, Sabour
I am pleased that Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour in collaboration with Indian Ecological Society, Ludhiana, Punjab is organizing a National Conference on ‘Climate Change and Agricultural Production-Adapting Crops to Increased Climate Variability and Uncertainty’ from 6-8th April, 2017 at Sabour, Bhagalpur, Bihar.
Climate change is now reality as evident from the significant increase in the CO2 concentration (403.99 ppm as on July 2016) which has caused most of the warming and has contributed the most to climate change. Due to increase in anthropogenic activities, global temperatures have shown a warming trend of 0.87oC over the period 1880-2015. Annual surface air temperatures over India also have shown increasing trends of similar magnitude during the period 1901-2015 making 2015, the warmest year in the period of instrumental data.
Bihar state in India has been traditionally vulnerable to hydro-meteorological natural disasters, with north Bihar being highly flood-prone and south Bihar being highly drought-prone. The northern and southern Bihar were assessed to be most vulnerable regions to climate change in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) owing to high exposure, high sensitivity and low adaptive capacity of people. Trend analysis of 45 years of weather data for a set of climate extreme indices from representative centre falling in different Agro climatic zones of Bihar revealed the signs of climate change induced variability in intensity, frequency and duration of temperature and rainfall events. The climate projections of Bihar for 2050 further revealed increasing trends in both maximum and minimum temperatures 2-4oC coupled with much more variability (-25 to + 30%) in the monthly rainfall patterns which will have large implications on the agriculture, food security and livelihoods of the rural masses.
To abate the negative impacts particularly when climate changes are relatively small, many current agronomic and breeding techniques developed by the scientists of this university are available to help farmers in combating the impacts of climate change. Because of variation in magnitude of vulnerability to climate change in all regions, site-specific cropping systems and management practices will be needed to match yield potential with inputs, soil fertility and the range of climate variability in each area.
Our learning, understanding and knowledge are developed in participation with others. I expect overwhelming participation of delegates from across the country in this three days conference. I hope that the pro-active participation and on-going deliberations in the conference will further chart a clear road map for shaping the future research aiming to look on climate change issues for farmers’ welfare and environmental security.
It is my privilege to welcome and greet all the participants and speakers at BAU, Sabour for this novel cause and I wish conference a grand success.
Ajoy Kumar Singh